Fauna & Flora International (FFI) established a formal country programme in Indonesia in 1996 with a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Forestry. FFI has since built up an extensive network of partners ranging from forest-edge communities and civil society organisations to government and private business. People are at the centre of their conservation initiatives. FFI is at the forefront of efforts to help communities map their customary forests and gain official recognition of their right to manage these areas. FFI’s innovative approach has catalyzed change through a number of flagship programmes in Indonesia, including the community ranger initiative which has transformed former combatants, wildlife poachers and loggers into champions of the environment. FFI is also pioneering sustainable financing mechanisms through reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) initiatives in Aceh and Kalimantan. Their work on surveying what is called ‘High Conservation Value Forest’ has also been critical in protecting key orangutan habitat from conversion to palm oil plantations or other destructive activities.
Jalan Cumi-Cumi No. 15 Kecamatan Kuta Alam, Lampriet Banda Aceh 23121
The purpose of the organization is to support Aceh Government in the context of Leuser Ecosystem and Aceh Forest protection in sustainable and justified fashion for a better future of the country
Jl. Keuchik Raja No. 89A, Punge Ujung, Kec. Meuraxa-Banda Aceh 23233
The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) is a unique subnational collaboration between 22 states and provinces from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Spain, and the United States. The GCF seeks to advance jurisdictional programs designed to promote low emissions rural development and reduced emissions from deforestation and land use (REDD+) and link these activities with emerging greenhouse gas (GHG) compliance regimes and other pay-for-performance opportunities. More than 20% of the world’s tropical forests are in GCF states and provinces, including more than 75% of Brazil’s and more than half of Indonesia’s. The GCF includes states and provinces that are leading the way in building comprehensive, jurisdiction-wide approaches to low emissions development and REDD+ as well as the only jurisdiction in the world (California) that is considering provisions that would recognize offsets from REDD+ as part of its GHG compliance system.
University of Colorado Boulder School of Law UCB 27 2450 Kittredge Loop Boulder CO 80309
The Ministry of Forestry (MoF) is responsible for managing the national forest estate, which was reported in 2012 to be approximately 118 million hectares (55% of the land surface). MoF is responsible for overall forest management, which includes improving and managing public access to forest areas. MoF, with the support of the Ministry of Environment, has been leading initial steps in the REDD+ process, such as setting up the Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance. Furthermore, with financial and technical support from Australia, Germany, the UK and the World Bank, MoF is currently developing demonstration activities for testing and initiating a global REDD carbon market. Within MoF, the Directorate General of Forest Plan (DGPlan) is responsible for the Forest Resource Inventory System (FRIS), which is integrated into the National Carbon Accounting System (NCAS).
The Partnership for Governance Reform ('the-Partnership') is a multi-stakeholder organisation working with government agencies and civil society organisations (CSO's) to advance reform at both national and local levels. The Partnership build crucial links between all levels of government and civil society to sustainably promote good governance in Indonesia.
Jl. Wolter Monginsidi No. 3, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan 12110
Jl. Tgk. Cot Plieng No.48 Kota Baru Banda Aceh 23125
Kab. Gayo Lues, Aceh
Visi Universitas Syiah Kuala adalah menjadi universitas yang inovatif, mandiri, dan terkemuka dalam pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi, humaniora, olahraga, dan seni sehingga menghasilkan lulusan berkualitas yang menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai moral dan etika.
Jln. Teuku Nyak Arief Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Aceh, 23111 INDONESIA
As a continuous effort to conserve the Leuser Ecosystem the Leuser International Foundation (LIF) was founded in 1994. Mission: 1) Increase the protection of natural biological resources for the conservation of Leuser forests and a sustainable environment. 2) Increase the utilization of natural biological resources for the welfare of the community. 3) Support the strengthening of the institutional capacity of the local government. 4) Enhance community empowerment through active participation. 5) Enhance the institutional capacity of the LIF in a professional and accountable manner.
Jl. Tgk. Syech Abdurrauf No.8 Kampus UNSYIAH Banda Aceh
WWF Indonesia merupakan salah satu organisasi konservasi independen terbesar di Indonesia yang telah memulai kegiatannya sejak tahun 1962. Pada tahun 1998, WWF Indonesia resmi menjadi lembaga nasional berbadan hukum Yayasan. Saat ini, WWF Indonesia bekerja di 28 kantor wilayah di 17 propinsi di Indonesia. WWF Indonesia hadir di Aceh sejak 2002, Saat ini terdapat sebuah kantor program di Banda Aceh dipimpin seorang project leader dan dibantu dengan 9 staf program dan administrasi. Wilayah program WWF khususnya ada di DAS Peusangan dan Krueng Sabee, dan ke depan akan menjalankan program di wilayah Aceh Besar.
Jalan Alue Blang lorong Alamanda 10 Neuseu Aceh, Banda Aceh
As part of the project, community members and nutmeg farmers are being trained in how to manage pests and diseases, improve their techniques for processing and refining nutmeg oil, and diversify nutmeg food production. Small businesses are also learning how to obtain food and health permits and to improve the packaging of their nutmeg food products to make them more attractive to buyers. The project includes setting up demonstration sites. In addition, Train the Trainer workshops and networks are used to ensure that knowledge is shared and communities can continue to build their skills beyond the life of the project. Thanks to the greater income generated by a more successful and sustainable business, the community members are able to support forest conservation in their area.
Jl. T. Ben Mahmud No. 13 Kecamatan Tapaktuan – Kabupaten Aceh Selatan
This project focuses on sustainable essential oils industry development in Aceh Selatan District. It challenges environmental issues in Acehnese essential oils business. First, the projects are working to develop permanent plots for farmers and training them in following organic, sustainable practices that allow intensive cultivation and hence result in high productivity. The projects also include activities to improve the distillation technology, so that it becomes more efficient and environmentally friendly, and results in high-quality oil. They also include activities to strengthen Acehnese farmers’ position in the value chain and improve their access to markets. At the same time, communities are replanting degraded land around the forest margins with jabon trees, a fragrant tree that is in itself a useful crop. In this way, these projects are leading to better forest coverage, better forest protection, fewer emissions from the patchouli industry and better incomes for all those working in the industry, which removes their incentive to clear forest.
This project focuses on sustainable forest management for livelihood improvement in Terangon, Gayo Lues. With support from Yayasan PUGAR, communities living near primary forests in Aceh are learning how to boost their incomes from cacao agroforestry while restoring a major watershed and conserving the forest. One hundred of the 144 villages in Gayo Lues District, in Aceh Tenggara, sit beside the primary forest of Gunung Leuser National Park, rich in biodiversity and ecosystem services, and in the upstream of eight large watersheds. Although the villagers have access to land where they can grow cash and food crops, they do not have the necessary skills to improve the productivity of their crops or to diversify their livelihoods. Furthermore, insecure tenure creates a disincentive for them to invest heavily in their land. As a result, some seek to find an income, or supplement their existing income, by using the forest, such as by logging illegally to sell the timber for cash or clearing trees to expand their farming areas. Yayasan PUGAR has set up a project designed to reduce deforestation and forest degradation in the district, by working with communities in five villages to create an incentive for them to conserve the forest, rather than clear it. Villagers involved in the project are learning how to improve their farming practices and so get higher yields from their cacao farms and, as a result, higher incomes. The farmers are receiving technical on-farm training in cacao cultivation, following a curriculum designed also to encourage sound business management practices and environment conservation. In return, they take part in activities to rehabilitate the forest, using knowledge and resources provided by Yayasan PUGAR.
Jl. Gampong Ateuk Jawo Lingk. Tgk. Batee Bu No. 01 Gampong Ateuk Jawo Kecamatan Baiturrahman Banda Aceh
This project focuses on sustainable forest governance improvement for economic balance and climate change adaptation in Gayo Lues District. The Redelong Institute is facilitating communications among government officials and citizens in Aceh Tenggara to improve forest governance, while encouraging rural communities to develop sustainable livelihoods. The Redelong Institute has started working with a multi-stakeholder group in the district to address these problems. Members of the multi-stakeholder group include government officials, community leaders and representatives of community organizations. Facilitated by the Redelong Institute, the multi-stakeholder group is discussing and reviewing the problems, in order to develop recommendations to improve forest management policies and practices. Through this approach, the project aims to achieve better governance, including public participation and law enforcement, to support forest and biodiversity conservation. At the same time, the Redelong Institute is working with farmers to improve their agricultural practices so they can get larger yields of their crops, which would remove their need to clear forest to expand their farms. In addition, the institute is looking for opportunities to sustainably harvest non-timber forest products and educating rural communities about these opportunities, thus providing alternative, sustainable livelihood options and avert the further destruction of forests for farmland. To support this part of the program, rural communities are receiving information about the importance of conserving forests and biodiversity and the relationships between forests and climate change.
Jl. Sudirman No. 239 Blankejeren Gayo Lues 24653 Aceh
Yayasan Orangutan Sumatera Lestari – Orangutan Information Centre is working with communities in Aceh to avert forest destruction and so preserve the habitat of the endangered Sumatran orangutan. CARE activities are focused on a habitat unit in Aceh Tenggara that supports an estimated 2,500 orangutans, or about 37% of the total surviving Sumatran orangutan population. The project takes a grassroots approach, with the full participation of local communities at every stage. The focus is on empowering communities by giving them knowledge and skills to devise low-emission development strategies and make and implement forest conservation plans. To support the development of sustainable livelihoods, CARE is developing mixed agroforestry and organic farming systems on existing farmlands and community land, and setting up a field school program to train farmers in intensified organic agricultural practices. In addition, microfinance is being made available to targeted farmers. At the same time, community members are learning about the importance of forest and biodiversity conservation and natural forest restoration techniques. They are then applying these techniques to restore 100 hectares of degraded national park land with native tree seedlings.
Komplek TASBI Blok RR No 98 Medan 20133
Yayasan Gampong Hutan Lestari (YGHL) is working with local communities living near the forests of Aceh Selatan to plant herbs and spice plants on degraded land so they can build new enterprises, rehabilitate the land and avert forest degradation and loss. YGHL has set up a project designed to undo some of the damage and give the communities alternative sources of income, and thus avert further forest degradation and loss. As part of the project, community members are replanting degraded areas with native trees and shrubs. These plants are also crops that can be sustainably harvested: pepper, cinnamon, coffee, nutmeg and bay leaf. Women from the communities are then trained in how to process, package and market products from these trees and shrubs. The strategy behind this approach is that, if villagers receive sufficient additional income from these products and the associated industry, they will no longer have any incentive to clear the forest. In addition, YGHL is teaching community members and schoolchildren about the link between deforestation and climate change and the importance of forest stewardship. This knowledge empowers them to make better decisions about how to use their land. The foundation is also working with the local government to incorporate local wisdom and customary approaches into regulations, and to strengthen law enforcement and natural resource management in the buffer zone of the forest.
Jl. Cut Ali Simpang Baputa Lingkungan Batu Merah Gampong Lhok Bengkuang – Tapaktuan Aceh Selatan
Yayasan PelaGIS is training and mentoring a working group in Gayo Lues in Aceh in collecting, analyzing and storing GIS data, so the district’s spatial plan can be based on the best information and consider areas of high conservation value. The focus is on improving human resources capacity on geospatial of the local government of Gayo Lues District. Yayasan PelaGIS is working with USAID IFACS to build the capacity of government agencies in Gayo Lues in spatial data, through the provision of equipment, such as GPS, computers and GIS software, and training. The training targets members of the district’s GIS Forum, a legally constituted working group consisting of employees from several government agencies. Members of the forum work together to share information and skills to improve development planning. Once equipped with the skills, forum members can conduct Strategic Environmental Assessments. These mandatory exercises are an important step toward ensuring that spatial plans incorporate protection of areas of high conservation value and low-emission development strategies.
Jl. Elang Lr. Enau Gg. Ahmad Ali No. 18 Kampung Ateuk Pahlawan Banda Aceh 23245
This project focuses on sustainable alternative development of the patchouli industry in Gayo Lues District and the development of high added value certified organic patchouli oil. First, the projects are working to develop permanent plots for farmers and training them in following organic, sustainable practices that allow intensive cultivation and hence result in high productivity. The projects also include activities to improve the distillation technology, so that it becomes more efficient and environmentally friendly, and results in high-quality oil. They also include activities to strengthen Acehnese farmers’ position in the value chain and improve their access to markets. At the same time, communities are replanting degraded land around the forest margins with jabon trees, a fragrant tree that is in itself a useful crop. In this way, these projects are leading to better forest coverage, better forest protection, fewer emissions from the patchouli industry and better incomes for all those working in the industry, which removes their incentive to clear forest.
The Aceh Development Fund is working with villagers near a protected area to replant degraded land with fruit trees and develop sustainable livelihoods from “the best honey in Aceh”. It focuses on empowering the local community’s economy through utilization of non-timber forest product and re-greening. The Rawa Singkil Nature Reserve is a 120,000-hectare peat forest area in Aceh, rich in biodiversity and carbon stocks. The forest houses other treasures too—not least the wild bees and the honey in their hives. The Rawa Trumon communities, who live around the reserve, have long depended on harvesting and selling honey from the hives in the forest to make a living. Some believe this honey to be the best in Aceh. But with the ongoing loss and degradation of forests to logging, oil palm plantations and burning off, the honey bees are losing their habitat and sources of nectar. As a result, they’re making less honey, which means less money for the villagers. The villagers’ use of unsustainable honey-harvesting techniques is exacerbating the problem. The Aceh Development Fund (ADF) has set up a project to help villagers make the most of the honey business, by planting bee-friendly trees on degraded land, learning sustainable harvesting techniques and taking full advantage of the business opportunities available.
Jl. Malikulsaleh No. 38 Lampineung Banda Aceh
The projects theme is: "Integrating Environment and Forest Protection into the Recovery and Future Development of Aceh." This project aimed to protect critical environmental resources and services from the Leuser and Ulu Masen forest ecosystems during the post-tsunami reconstruction process, which was supported by several agencies operating under the authority of the bureau of rehabilitation and reconstruction for Aceh and Nias. Revision of the results framework was recommended during both the project mid-term review and the multi donor fund mid-term review. The implementing entities developed and reported against a revised results framework that was more logical, measurable and reflective of project objectives. The changes reflect the adjustments in activities, previously agreed by the World Bank, for delivering essential forest management and community livelihood activities. An expansion of project support to Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) during the final stage of project implementation had been initially envisaged and initial agreements had been obtained from the Aceh Forest and Environment Project (AFEP) steering committee, the provincial government, and the Ministry of Finance. There was however a change of plans in September 2010 due to the fact that an external investor had offered to assist the Government of Aceh in REDD-related activities. All activities in the reallocation are in line with the original project development objectives. The reallocation of the resources administered by Fauna and Flora International (FFI) would enable to consolidate activities that are already part of the original project
The Project supports an “integrated landscape approach” with the following features: - The Project is “nested” in a provincial wide REDD approach. - The financial flows created by carbon credits will be used to fund sustainable development and conservation activities. - The Project aims to address the root cause of deforestation: unsustainable approaches to economic development. - An holistic land management strategy, employed in line with the Governor’s Aceh Green vision, which calls for hard investments in electrification projects, agro-forestry and timber plantations, as well as soft investments in education, healthcare and community work. - The aim is to refocus communities neighboring forests away from inefficient forest utilization and agricultural practices and employ them in higher value added and ecologically balanced economic activities.
This project focuses on sustainable forest management in Leuser National Park, Ketambe Subdistrict, Southeast Aceh District, Aceh Province. Yayasan Ekosistem Leuser dan Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Daerah, or YELPED, set up a program to give the villagers a step up: equipped with new knowledge and resources, villagers can make the most of the untapped potential of their vegetable gardens and commit to better natural resource management. YELPED is working with villagers living beside a national park in Aceh to replant degraded land on the edges of the forest and boost their incomes from vegetable gardens. As part of the project, villagers are receiving training on how to get the most from their farms. In particular, the project is building on the opportunity to enhance vegetable farming, so that the communities no longer need to buy vegetables from other areas. The more they get from their existing farmland, the less incentive they will have to expand. At the same time, community members are rehabilitating the degraded land in the national park buffer zone. They form groups and receive training in the best techniques for replanting and restoring land. The degraded land is being replanted with forest plants, such as bamboo, hibiscus and angsana, and local multipurpose tree species such as durian, rubber, areca nut and mango.
Sustainable Trade & Consulting Indonesia is helping oil palm smallholders in Aceh boost their incomes through biofuel, so they no longer need to clear forest to make a living. Sustainable Trade & Consulting Indonesia is helping oil palm smallholders in Aceh boost their incomes through biofuel, so they no longer need to clear forest to make a living. In Indonesia and around the world, demand for palm oil is growing—and Indonesia is the world’s largest supplier. Seeking their share of this potentially lucrative industry, smallholders are carving out their own plantations—literally. To get land to cultivate oil palms, farmers are clearing the edges of the forest, pushing back the forest frontier and converting carbon-rich peatland to farmland. Yet small farms cannot attain the same level of productivity as larger plantations. In addition, unable to have their fruit processed locally, they must ship it, which reduces the quality of the oil and drives down the prices. To boost their income, they clear more land. But at the same time, these farmers are discarding as waste what could become a useful source of income: those parts of the plant that are harvested but not used for oil. Sustainable Trade & Consulting Indonesia (STC-I) has come up with a way for these farmers to use that discarded biomass to boost their incomes—and so stop clearing the forest for more farmland. STC-I’s project uses this excessive and nonproductive waste from oil palms to make biodiesel. By using inputs that would otherwise be discarded, the initiative reduces waste and avoids the serious environmental and social issues associated with the biofuels industry, such as clearing forest to grow feedstocks. STC-I and its partners are retrofitting an existing plant to produce the new product, called “Power Oil”. All production is guided by EU sustainability standards for biomass energy. To demonstrate that producers are not cultivating recently deforested land, each supplier’s location is mapped and added to a GIS database made for the project. By setting up this internationally certified sustainable biofuel supply chain and establishing a model for a feedstock-processing facility, STC-I is providing a new source of income for households in the area and thus averting the further degradation and loss of forest and biodiversity.
Yayasan KKSP is working with women in villages near protected forests in Aceh to help them build sustainable livelihoods and engage in forest management and conservation. Yayasan KKSP is training women in three villages in farming, harvesting and processing peanuts, soybeans and nutmeg. All these crops are grown organically on unproductive, degraded land beside the protected areas. The participating women form a cooperative and learn how to market their products. At the same time, community and women’s groups in the three villages are receiving theoretical and practical training in forest management and land rehabilitation, and community members are planting trees on degraded land. Training also focuses on women’s potential contribution to a sustainable economy. The arrangement is formalized through a Community Conservation and Livelihoods Agreement (CCLA).
This project seeks to reducing carbon emissions from deforestation in the Ulu Masen ecosystem. 750,000 hectares will be designated as ‘Carbon Forests' (presently 150,000 hectares of conversion forest and 350,000 hectares designated for timber production). We will avoid the emission of approximately 3.4 million tones of CO2 per year for the 30 year project life. Our goal is to have robust certified independently verified VERs announced and created by mid 2008. We will pioneer methodologies around Avoided Deforestation and will build upon our experience from earlier successes and the successful CCBA audit. The project hopes to reduce emissions of CO2 by about one hundred million tons over a 30 year period. The Government of Aceh has stated that the funds generated by the project will be used in their entirety for the welfare of Acehnese people, with 50% of revenue going to the communities whose customary lands overlap with the project. This was the first REDD+ project in the world to meet the Climate Community Biodiversity (CCB) design standard.
The Aceh Development Fund is helping to bridge the gap between governments, NGOs and citizens as a step toward improved forest governance and conservation. This project is a program for forest protection and rescue through traditional institution in wildlife sanctuary at the Rawa Singkil, South Aceh District. The area around wildlife sanctuary has been attracting plenty of attention, thanks to its wealth of forest resources and biodiversity. On the one hand, the government is trying to implement forestry and development programs. On the other hand, NGOs are working to preserve the forest and wildlife. Caught in the middle are the local people. Many programs and initiatives in the area are not achieving their desired outcomes. A common reason is that they fail to consult with the traditional leaders and local communities in the area. Other weaknesses are that the activities are not designed to be sustainable, or they have ignored the value of local wisdom. Local people feel that they do not benefit from the programs and are not really involved in them—and as a result, they have little interest in participating. The Aceh Development Fund set out to bridge the gaps between groups by bringing stakeholders together to build mutual understanding, through a project titled “Program for Forest Protection and Rescue through Traditional Institutions in Wildlife Sanctuary Rawa Singkil, South Aceh District”.
Jl. Malikulsaleh No. 38 Lampineung Banda Aceh
FFI-AcehFKLGCFMoFKemitraanPemerintahAcehIFACSUnsyiahYAGASUYLIWWF-AcehAceh SelatanAceh SelatanAceh TerangonClimate &EconomicBalance in GayoLues DistrictCARECommunityConservation:KemukimanAteuhGIS in GayoLues DistrictGayo Lues:OrganicPatchouli OilHutan RawaTrumon- ADFAFEPLeuserEcosystemLeuser NationalParkBio-fuelProductionSouth AcehDistrict:Economicempowermentof womenUlu MasenProjectRawa SingkilSanctuary