Governors' Climate & Forests Task Force
Madre de Dios
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is dedicated to advancing human wellbeing, environmental conservation and equity by conducting research that helps governments, businesses, nongovernment organizations and communities in less-developed countries make informed decisions about how they use and manage their forests. CIFOR’s vision is of a world in which forests remain high on the world’s political agenda; where decisions that affect forests are based on solid science, good governance, and the needs and perspectives of forest-dependent people; and in which people recognise the real value of forests for maintaining livelihoods and ecosystems services.
Head Office Address: Jl. CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang.Bogor 16115 Indonesia
The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) is a unique subnational collaboration between 22 states and provinces from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Spain, and the United States. The GCF seeks to advance jurisdictional programs designed to promote low emissions rural development and reduced emissions from deforestation and land use (REDD+) and link these activities with emerging greenhouse gas (GHG) compliance regimes and other pay-for-performance opportunities. More than 20% of the world’s tropical forests are in GCF states and provinces, including more than 75% of Brazil’s and more than half of Indonesia’s. The GCF includes states and provinces that are leading the way in building comprehensive, jurisdiction-wide approaches to low emissions development and REDD+ as well as the only jurisdiction in the world (California) that is considering provisions that would recognize offsets from REDD+ as part of its GHG compliance system.
University of Colorado Boulder School of Law UCB 27 2450 Kittredge Loop Boulder CO 80309
The Ministry of Forestry (MoF) is responsible for managing the national forest estate, which was reported in 2012 to be approximately 118 million hectares (55% of the land surface). MoF is responsible for overall forest management, which includes improving and managing public access to forest areas. MoF, with the support of the Ministry of Environment, has been leading initial steps in the REDD+ process, such as setting up the Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance. Furthermore, with financial and technical support from Australia, Germany, the UK and the World Bank, MoF is currently developing demonstration activities for testing and initiating a global REDD carbon market. Within MoF, the Directorate General of Forest Plan (DGPlan) is responsible for the Forest Resource Inventory System (FRIS), which is integrated into the National Carbon Accounting System (NCAS).
The Partnership for Governance Reform ('the-Partnership') is a multi-stakeholder organisation working with government agencies and civil society organisations (CSO's) to advance reform at both national and local levels. The Partnership build crucial links between all levels of government and civil society to sustainably promote good governance in Indonesia.
Jl. Wolter Monginsidi No. 3, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan 12110
Southeast Asia boasts impressive and unique ecosystems, but it is also a region whose environment is facing unprecedented threats. Indonesia has one one of the highest deforestation rates in the world as well as the highest level of CO2 emissions from deforestation and land use change, while urbanization, rampant development pressures, chronic poverty, unsustainable agricultural and mineral extraction, and the loss of rights over resources are among a few of the issues shared by communities across the region. At the same time, social and environmental movements have become much stronger in recent years. Indigenous peoples are at the forefront of this movement. Well-organized and thoughtful groups are articulating alternatives that can help to solve some of the deep-rooted social and environmental issues of the region. Founded in 2001 as a fellowship organization, the Samdhana Institute integrated grantmaking into its programs in 2005 to help indigenous groups in Southeast Asia address these pressing environmental concerns. Today, Samdhana acts as an advisor for Global Greengrants Fund grants to groups in Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, East Timor, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Its vision is for a region where natural, cultural, and spiritual diversity are valued and environmental conflicts are resolved peacefully, with justice and equity for all parties. Achieving this requires that communities who directly manage their local natural resources have clear rights, ready recourse to justice, strong and skilled leadership, stable financial resources, and access to appropriate technical support.
Jl Guntur No 32, Bogor 16128 - Indonesia
This group is mainly created for the Main Partners of Programs for Low Carbon Development in Papua that are committed to support the Provincial Government of Papua and other stakeholders to contribute to the reduction of emissions of Greenhouse Gases in Papua. The group is created after the LCD Partners meeting in March 15th, 2012 and is intended as a discussion channel to ease the communication among members on information of green-house's gas emission programs in Papua. Members of the group can also post new information on new technologies on measuring carbon emissions, carbon accounting, MRV system, etc to gain a common understanding of elements for the development of low carbon economies in this region that will also contribute to the national emission's target of 26%, maintaining an economic growth of 7% by the year 2020. Everyone's contribution in those aspects are highly appreciated.
Kantor Dinas Otonom Provinsi Papua Ged B - Lantai I Jl Raya Abepura Kotaradja-Jayapura - 99225
IFACS is involved in working with government and civil society to ensure effective preparation and enforcement of spatial plans that promote sustainable forest management. USAID IFACS starts by nurturing Multi-Stakeholder Forums (MSFs), which are local working groups, consisting of representatives from government, civil society, communities, and businesses,that aim to promote conservation, as well as transparency and participation in government. We then work with them to prepare Landscape Conservation Plans. These Plans identify districts’ social and environmental features, focusing on high conservation values and their distribution, and identifying level of threats to such values. At the same time, USAID IFACS works with governments to prepare and monitor spatial plans as part of a mandatory Indonesian requirement for governments to complete their Strategic Environmental Assessment, or Kajian Lingkungan Hidup Strategis (KLHS). The LCP complements this Assessment as it empowers the MSF to focus their efforts toward conservation in selected areas, contribute to spatial planning by canvassing to have high conservation values and areas sensitive to impacts of climate change considered in Strategic Environmental Assessments, and undertake interventions that support conservation and low-emission development. In addition to working with government, USAID IFACS also works with private sector partners in the forestry, plantation and mining sectors, and local community organizations to ensure development and business strategies prioritize reducing emissions while balancing those strategies with forest and biodiversity conservation. For instance, USAID IFACS works with natural resource concessionaires to identify high conservation values within their concessions and apply strategies and best management practices for conserving these values. With communities, USAID IFACS provides them with the training and resources they need to improve their living standards without harming the forest or biodiversity in the environs. In return, community members engage in conservation activities and establish a community-based monitoring system to make sure the activities are sustained. In summary, USAID IFACS’ field activities work toward forest and biodiversity management, and low-emission development. Governance work aims to build government agencies’ skills, strengthen local participation, instill transparency and promote sustainable development.
Wisma GKBI Lantai 12 Suite1210, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No 28, Jakarta Pusat.
Support to Indonesia is now channeled through the cross-Government UK Climate Change Unit (UKCCU), which combines the Department for International Development (DFID), the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), working in the areas of sustainable development and climate change. The purpose of the UKCCU is to support Indonesia in meeting its national objectives and targets on low carbon, sustainable development (including forestry and land-use change) and on achieving a progressive global deal through international climate negotiations. In doing this, the work of the UKCCU supports the international priorities of the UK’s Carbon Plan (2011)
British Embassy, Jl. Patra Kuningan Raya, Blok L 5 – 6 Jakarta 12950 -Indonesia
The International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, ICRAF, has an ultimate purpose guiding its research. It is to work towards mitigating tropical deforestation, land depletion and rural poverty through improved agroforestry systems. Its goal is to initiate and assist in the generation and dissemination of appropriate agroforestry technologies for resource-poor farmers and other land users. ICRAF concentrates on three tropical agro-ecozones-the humid, the subhumid and the semi-arid. Subsistence farmers with small landholdings practise much of the agriculture in these zones. As the population grows the land available becomes limited. Family holdings become smaller and smaller. Pressure on the land increases, and old, tried, sustainable systems of agriculture, which operated efficiently when land was more plentiful, break down. The land becomes degraded through nutrient depletion, overcropping and overgrazing, and fallow periods that become increasingly shorter and shorter. Soil fertility goes down, the soil erodes. Agroforestry technologies can help these farmers increase their productivity and the sustainability of their operations. Agroforestry can build up soil fertility and prevent soil erosion. It can provide extra benefits, including cash in hand, for the farm family through various tree products-fodder, fuelwood, food, building materials and more. Agroforestry can also alleviate tropical deforestation-a major present-day environmental concern. A principal cause of this deforestation is the slash-and-burn type of agriculture being carried out by landless farmers, many of them migrants to the tropical forests. Local farmers have through many generations evolved techniques to sustain their agricultural production with shifting cultivation. Unschooled in these subtleties, the new immigrants lay waste to millions of hectares of irreplaceable forest. The havoc they wreak contributes to global warming and exterminates whole species of plants and animals. Agroforestry can bring land-use alternatives. ICRAF is facilitating an initiative that will explore these alternatives.
Jl. CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang.Bogor 16115-Indonesia ICRAF, P.O. Box 30677,Nairobi, Kenya
WWF-Indonesia is a national organisation within the WWF global network, which has 25 offices across Indonesia carrying out local conservation work such as practical field projects, scientific research, advising local governments on environmental policy, promoting environmental education, empowering communities and raising awareness on environmental issues. It has worked together with the Indonesian government in establishing protected areas and natural parks throughout the country.
Jalan Bangka VIII No. 3B, Pela Mampang, Jakarta 12720
A. Development of national carbon accounting and monitoring systems that are in compliance with Tier 3 IPCC reporting guidelines; B. Development of technical capacities at (sub)national levels to contribute to national carbon accounting and monitoring systems; C. Design of REDD mechanism in 5 pilot areas in western, central and Eastern Indonesia through: C1. Baselines setting: nesting local baselines in national policies C2. REDD payment and distribution mechanism in the pilot areas The ALLREDDI action embraces the roles and responsibilities of the main levels of (sub) national government through the following specific objectives: - Developing national carbon accounting systems that comply with Tier 3 of the IPCC guidelines for AFOLU, complementing and maximizing existing efforts; - Developing and strengthening national and sub-national capacity in carbon accounting and monitoring; and - Designing operational REDD mechanisms in five pilot areas spread geographically, socio-economically and culturally across Indonesia based on local constraints and opportunities and in conjunction with local development planning.
This project focuses on increasing the capacity of community members in Betaf, Yamna, and Beneraf Village to produce coconut oil in a sustainable and profitable manner and increasing their understanding of the effects of climate change. (IPI Papua) set up a project designed to reduce deforestation, increase tree cover and improve community members’ livelihoods. Their approach was to help the villages make the most of the coconut plantations. As part of the project, the community members are being given the skills and equipment they need to produce and process coconut oil and virgin coconut oil from their coconut plantations. They are also receiving training in financial management so that they can make their coconut oil businesses not only sustainable, but profitable too. At the same time, community members are working with the project team to plant additional coconut trees, along with matoa, a tree that is useful for both its timber and its fruit.
Jalan Kelapa Satu, Neidam Village, Sarmi Regency Waena, Jayapura Papua
This project has three specific goals: 1. To support the learning process for local stakeholders in a minimum of five representative landscapes of Indonesia, by recognizing the value chain involved in market-based incentives for maintaining and increasing terrestrial C stocks, using the “fairness versus efficiency” contrast; 2. To support the systematic analysis of the local forest landscape realities and develop innovative solutions through the institutional combination of A/R-CDM (afforestation/reforestation Clean Development Mechanism) and REDD mechanisms to support landscape-scale livelihood enhancement in selected parts of Indonesia; and 3. To support the emergence of checks and balances between national and local stakeholders though transparent C accounting and monitoring that links a network of ‘ground-truthing’ data to satellite-based observation methods.
The Provincial Government of Papua has signed an MOU with Macquarie Bank and Fauna & Flora International to survey identified sites and subsequently prepare a Project Design Document for an REDD pilot project in Jayapura district for validation under the Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS) and the Community, Climate and Biodiversity Standards (CCBS). The project will be based on the principles of customary community forest management rights and operate under the legal framework of a watershed based forest management unit (KPH) and/or ecological restoration concession. The project area covers approximately 400,000 hectares including large areas of conversion forests threatened by conversion to oil palm plantations. The project is predicted to avoid 84 – 180 million tons of CO2 emissions over a period of 30 years.
Conservation International (CI) has been working in the Mamberamo Basin for several years and has been moving rapidly to capitalize on this opportunity to conserve and sustainably manage forests for the mitigation of climate change and co-benefits for local communities and biodiversity. CI would like to explore the feasibility of partnering with PT Mamberamo Alas Mandiri (PT MAM), a concessionaire managing 670,000 ha of biologically and socially important forest. The Mamberamo Basin, located in Papua province, Indonesia, encompasses 8 million ha of lowland and lower montane forest. Some 2 million ha have been designated as formal protected areas. Carbon‐offset projects could potentially compensate forgone losses or provide for additional incentive mechanisms for improved management within the Reducing Emission from Degradation and Deforestation (REDD) framework.
WWF will be assisting the districts of Merauke, Mappi, Boven Digul, and Asmat to prepare district REDD policies (baseline scenarios, institutional frameworks and benefit distribution mechanisms)
Jaringan Perempuan Mimika, or the Mimika Women’s Network, is working with two villages in Mimika, Paumako and Hiripau, to improve their management of mangrove forests, for the benefit of their own households. The aim of the project is to give the women in these villages more skills, through such activities as training, workshops, mentoring and field schools. The project is also designed to increase women’s access to information and productivity. Project activities include documenting the traditional uses of the mangrove forest and training women in how to process fruit for food, market products such as processed flowers, and manage a business. At the same time, communities are contributing to forest conservation by replanting mangrove areas and committing to managing them sustainably, a commitment formalized through a Community Conservation and Livelihoods Agreement
Jl. Belibis Gang Kaimana No. 16 Koperakoka Village, New Mimika Subdistrict Mimika District, Papua
This project focuses on improving natural resources conservation in communal land in Mimika, Papua. Yayasan Peduli AIDS Timika is working with a Kamoro community in Papua to restore and conserve their mangrove forests and strengthen their food security. Members of the Kamoro community in the village of Mware, in East Mimika, have long relied on their communal forest lands to gather the food they need. But already, they are feeling the effects of the forest conversion. Whereas once they went only 100 meters into the forest to collect sago, their staple food, now they have to go 300 meters. Whereas once they found all their food in the forest and didn’t need money, now they must find the cash to buy rice. Whereas once they found a wide variety of foods in the forest, including kangaroos and boar, now they find only sago and sago worms. Yayasan Peduli AIDS Timika (Yapeda) has set up a project to help the Kamoro community deal with these changes in their lifestyle. The project activities revolve around conserving and restoring forest, using the land for low-emission development, and strengthening their food security. Yapeda is also working with the government to revise development plans to reduce the adverse impacts on the local people. Yapeda is working with the community members and the local government to map out the mangrove area. Once the areas and their uses are defined, they plant more seedlings to extend and restore the forest. When managing the forest, community members are encouraged to draw on their traditional—and typically sustainable—ways of using mangrove resources. They are also learning best management practices, especially for areas of high conservation value. At the same time, Yapeda is lobbying the government for a shift in public policy, so that the district achieves better forest conservation and public participation. Community members and government officials are also learning about the importance of forest for climate change mitigation and adaptation. In addition to forest conservation activities, the project is working with community members to develop a food storage system, to strengthen their food security. The tribespeople are also being trained in financial and business management, so they can find ways to make cash from their forest products.
Jalan Busiri Jalur 1, No. 18 Sempan Barat Kota Timika Mimika District, Papua PO Box 100 Timika 99910
New Forests is developing a forestry carbon project in Papua, Indonesia, aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD). The Papua Project comprises two sites in the lowland tropical rainforest regions of the province covering more than 225,000 hectares. The sites have been designated as conversion forests in the provincial government’s spatial land use plan. Surveys for oil palm and mining and some logging at one site has already taken place. The Papua Project estimates it will deliver verified emission reductions in the region of 20-25 million metric tonnes of CO2e over the first 10 years of the project via avoided deforestation. New Forests will seek certification under the Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS) and Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) Standards to ensure the creation of high-quality carbon credits with environmental and social benefits. These credits will be sold on the voluntary market with carbon revenue used to endow a charitable foundation based in Papua. Additional revenue will be shared among levels of government and private project investors. New Forests hopes to establish a model for forest conservation that delivers conservation and economic development outcomes, providing an alternative to agribusiness conversion that is advancing in other parts of the province.
This project focuses on empowering the management system of community based land use for development and utilization of natural resources for sustainable economic growth of the indigenous people. The Association for Papua Indigenous People’s Study and Empowerment is working with a village in Sarmi to increase the residents’ ability to sustainably manage their community forest. The indigenous community of Tetom Village has been awarded 5,000 hectares within a timber concession to manage as community forest. What’s more, the government has issued for this land a timber production permit and a community timber industry permit. These permits allow the community to use the forest to raise income, through activities such as logging. The people of Tetom Village plan to use 2,400 hectares in this way, drawing on the experience of their well-organized cooperative, or Kopermas. The remainder is made up of sacred forests that contain areas of high conservation value; this area they will conserve. Yet the boundaries of their allocated area are unclear, and the indigenous community and the State are at odds over land rights. Furthermore, community members lack the knowledge and skills to take part in spatial planning, manage their forests for the best results, and defend their rights to the land. The Association for Papua Indigenous People’s Study and Empowerment (PtPPMA) has set up a project to help the village community deal with these issues. As part of the project, a survey of the area is underway to determine the baseline conditions and to clarify boundaries. With the assistance of PtPPMA, the community is undertaking participatory mapping of the forest area, to determine areas of high conservation value, both ecological and cultural. In addition, members of the forest cooperative are taking part in activities to increase their technical knowledge of sustainable forest management. They are making a management plan, which includes a forest inventory, logging plan and rehabilitation plan. This management plan will serve as a guide for managing their production forest area for profitability and sustainability. Throughout the project, PtPPMA, with the assistance of USAID IFACS, is also working closely with local government bodies and the timber concession, to improve relationships and further involve and empower the indigenous community.
Jl. Abepura Sentani No. 13 B Papua
This project focuses on strengthening the adaptation and mitigation strategies of indigenous communities of Sarmi District against global climate change. Lembaga Penelitian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Sejahtera (LENTERA) Papua is running a project designed to help these local communities improve their environment and find ways to build their own livelihoods. As part of the project, local communities are replanting the mangrove forests near their villages. Their motivation to do so has been strengthened through an education program to teach them about the full value of their local ecosystems and the causes and effects of climate change. In addition, communities are using participatory mapping to identify their natural resources and economic and socio-cultural assets and to build a shared vision. By sharing the results with authorities, such as members of parliament and community leaders, the people are gaining greater participation in planning processes, which will, in turn, improve governance in the district. LENTERA Papua is also working with community members to form a cooperative. The cooperative is tasked with developing and managing alternative and sustainable livelihoods, such as making cookies from sago, making rattan handicrafts, cultivating vegetables for sale, and adding value to marine products to make salted fish and shrimp paste.
Gang Jati IX No. 120, Perumnas II Waena, Jayapura Papua
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